Have you ever wondered about elephants?
Perhaps you have, or perhaps not. In the following article we will cover how many types of elephants there are, what is the purpose of an elephant trunk, how much do they weigh-both the adults and baby elephants, what do elephants eat and much more!
Let's jump straight in and learn about these amazing animals!
Great Elephant, Nature 2018 Documentary By Roberto Channel
How many types of species of elephants are there?Currently, there are three species which are recognized throughout the world. These three being:
The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) or sometimes referred to as the African Savanna elephant is the largest of the species of elephants.
The African forest elephant (L.cyclothis) the forest-dwelling elephant found primarily in the Congo Basin. This is the smallest of the three species.
Finally, we have the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) which is commonly referred to as an Asiatic elephant, and if found throughout India as well as in Southeast Asia.
Elephants form part of the family Elephantidae in the order Proboscidea. Elephantidae are the only remaining survivors of the order Proboscidea. To be able to picture what today's elephants' ancestors may have looked like, think of Ice Age's woolly Mammoth Manny. This will help you picture a similar resemblance of what other Proboscidea would have looked like.
What is the purpose of an elephants trunk?
Aside from its pretty neat aesthetic appeal, the elephant trunk is truly a marvel in its own right.
An elephant's trunk consists of 50,000 muscles throughout its trunk. The trunk is used to help elephants breath oxygen, to drink water, as a tool for collecting food and to aid in smelling scents. Trunks also act as an arm for wrestling with other elephants and to communicate with other elephants. It is also used to touch or feel, to grab hold of and to pull/grab objects around them. A very interesting use, can you believe this, is it acts like a snorkel for them! I bet that blew you away huh? No pun intended.
How much do elephants weigh?The average weight of an elephant differs per species. The African Bush Elephant weighing in at an astonishing 6,000 kgs or 6 tons! The Asian Elephant weighs around 5,400 kgs or 5.6 tons. And finally, the African Forest Elephant weighs an average of 2700 kgs or 2.7 tons. They also vary in height, ranging from 2.7m/8.8 foot to 6.5m/21 foot!
How much do baby elephants weigh?The baby elephants weight ranges usually between 58-90 kgs and stands a pretty impressive average height of 91cm just shy of a meter/3 foot tall.
What do elephants eat and how much do they need to consume per day?Elephants consume up to 275kgs or around 600 pounds of food per day! Their diets are mixed and range from the consumption of grass, newly sprouted seedlings, leafy plants and bark from trees. In addition to their massive food intake, they need a lot of water per day too. Elephants are able to drink up to 200 liters per serving!
All this eating and drinking results in an impressive amount of dung, up to 150 kgs or 300 pounds.
Below is a little bit of a Q&A section, we hope you enjoy.
How do their tusks form?It's a little strange to comprehend, however, their tusks are actually a set of incisors which gradually become tusks; these are located in the uppermost part of the jaw.
Do elephants have teeth?Indeed they do, they have a total of 26 teeth. Of which two were mentioned above, the tusks. Then there are 12 deciduous premolars or otherwise known as baby teeth and then 12 molars.
An interesting fact about elephant teeth is, instead of pushing up and emerging from the jaw vertically (kinda like our bottom jaws) their teeth begin to grow in the back of their mouth pushing forward, thus bumping out the old teeth. Isn’t that just outstanding?
How many sets of teeth do they have over the duration of their lifetime?Well, their chewing teeth are replaced usually six times throughout their lifetime. However, once the sixth and final set emerges, these will need to last them the remainder of their life. It's saddening to know they usually die due to starvation once all of their teeth fall out...
How do elephants help other animals during the dry season?It isn't called the dry season for the kicks. During this period, when food is scarce and all their normal resources required to live slowly either die or dry up, elephants become a phenomenal help to not only themselves, but also to the other animals around them.
They dig deep into the ground, to unearth the water that is deep beneath.
They make use of their massive stature, brute strength, tusks and trunks to literally force the water from the land seeking the water trapped deep beneath the surface!
Do they have a good sense of smell?It's estimated that their sense of smell is simply incredible. A staggering one hundred and sixty times that of humans!
Is there anything strange about their dung?Although this might be strange to imagine, elephants actually transport seeds through their dung. When eating their wide variety of leafy plants, often times seeds of these plants are attached. This is where it gets weird - the seeds while inside the gut of the elephant, due to the moist conditions and the warmth generated by the elephants, germinate due to the awesome conditions required for seedlings to sprout. Once the elephants pass a stool, the seedlings within the dung start to blossom and grow as the dung acts as a fertilizer for the seedlings as it is jam-packed with everything they need.
These seeds are often transported great distances. It's like have a farmer for mother nature by mother nature.
Are elephants caring or empathetic animals?
Elephants are said to enter a state of mourning and grief when a loved one passes on. They show signs of what some may call a burial ceremony where they will gather and collect branches around them and place them over the carcass of the deceased elephant.
Their memory is insane, granting them the ability to recall the exact spot and to return to it as a kind of sign of respect, similar to how we go the cemetery to pay respect to our loved ones.
What amazing creatures, don't you agree?
There are so many reasons we should be looking out for these little big guys. They help out in so many ways and the way humans are treating these majestic animals is horrific!!
Let us do what we can! Take a stand! Help save these awesome animals for future generations.
Most Funny and Cute Baby Elephant Videos Compilation By Funnyplox
Aristotle described the elephant as "the animal that surpasses all others in wit and mind."